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On-line version ISSN 2448-5799Print version ISSN 1405-1435


BACARLETT PEREZ, María Luisa. Giambattista Vico y los antecedentes del paradigma comprensivo. Convergencia [online]. 2008, vol.15, n.48, pp.11-27. ISSN 2448-5799.

From the distinction stated by von Wright in the already classic text Explanation and Understanding, the work by Giambattista Vico (1668 - 1744) is analyzed in the light of his criticism to Descartes and the distinction between "criticism" and "topics". It is not risky to say that Vico's proposal of the activity proper to topic, linked to the use of language, rhetoric and eloquence is closer to that which von Wright locates within the "comprehensive paradigm"; whereas criticism, identified with the Cartesian method, privileges abstraction, logical deduction and mathematical analysis; this is to say, all that is linked to the knowledge of nature. The great difference between topics and criticism, in the end, lays on the criterion of truth proper to each perspective: while criticism finds the truth in the natural world's exteriority, in something men do not do; conversely, the only form of truth in the realm of topics is as "made truth" or "verum factum"; i.e., the truth we ourselves make as historical, linguistic, culture-creator, political- and social- life agents.

Keywords : Giambattista Vico; verum factum; comprehensive paradigm; topics; criticism.

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