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Revista de la Facultad de Medicina (México)

On-line version ISSN 2448-4865Print version ISSN 0026-1742


MORELOS RAMIREZ, Rubén et al. Biological risk and protection of the medical staff participant in the outbreak of the Ebola virus 2014. Rev. Fac. Med. (Méx.) [online]. 2015, vol.58, n.4, pp.14-24. ISSN 2448-4865.

The Ebola virus is the causative agent of the most feared human infectious disease, the Ebola virus disease (EVD) or Ebola hemorrhagic fever. This filovirus may reach up to 90% in mortality. The virus was originated in Africa and the outbreaks have been recorded since 1976. The most recent occurred in 2014 in three countries of Western Africa, Liberia, Sierra Leone and Nigeria. Was the outbreak with a highest mortality and long time.

The World Health Organization in 2014 mentioned this outbreak as public health emergency of international concern. One point of interest was mortality in medical staff of African countries and the infection in members of international brigades who participated in this containment. The reason that caused this mortality was probably the inappropriate use of Personal Protective Equipment (PPE). In Mexico the risk of an EVD outbreak is very low however a high risk exists in the spread of virus chikungunya.

The purpose of this article is showing the components of this equipment with some technical details to the reader. This is an example of the use of personal protective equipment by qualified personnel in outbreaks and necessary in the containment of other outbreaks due to infectious agents.

Keywords : Personal protective equipment; Ebola outbreak; biological risk; infectious diseases; biosecurity.

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