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Journal of the Mexican Chemical Society

Print version ISSN 1870-249X


ARELLANO-CARDENAS, Sofía; GALLARDO-VELAZQUEZ, Tzayhrí; OSORIO-REVILLA, Guillermo  and  LOPEZ-CORTEZ, Ma. del Socorro. Study of the Surface Charge of a Porous Clay Heterostructure (PCH) and Its Adsorption Capacity of Alkaline Metals. J. Mex. Chem. Soc [online]. 2010, vol.54, n.2, pp.92-97. ISSN 1870-249X.

A Porous Clay Heterostructure (PCH) was prepared by chemical modification of a natural clay, by intercalation of a cationic surfactant. Its surface charge properties as well as its adsorption capacity for alkali metals were studied using a potentiometric titration method. The PCH developed a pH-dependent charge (σH), probably due to the presence of amphoteric silanol groups (SiO2) coming from the pillars of silica interlayered during the pillared process. The PCH presented a region of zero charge in the range of pH of 4.0 to 7.7. The σH acquired by the PCH was adjusted with good correlation to the electric double layer model of Gouy-Chapman (r2 = 0.9925). The surface charge conferred the PCH ion exchange capacity for the studied metals (Li, Na, K, Rb and Cs) at high pH values (10 < pH), in comparable quantities (3.5 to 6 meq/g) to some Dowex resins. The results of this study suggest that PCH could have applications in the recovery of toxic metals from waste waters.

Keywords : clay; PCH; metal adsorption; surface charge.

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