SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

vol.15 issue44The Transformation of the Health and Labor Insurance System in ArgentinaUnequal Opportunities, Inherited Disadvantages: Subjective Dimensions of Privation in Mexico author indexsubject indexsearch form
Home Pagealphabetic serial listing  

Services on Demand




Related links

  • Have no similar articlesSimilars in SciELO


Espiral (Guadalajara)

Print version ISSN 1665-0565


SCHEDLER, Andreas  and  SARSFIELD, Rodolfo. Illiberal Democrats: Contradictory Configurations Supporting Democrracy in Mexico. Espiral (Guadalaj.) [online]. 2009, vol.15, n.44, pp.123-159. ISSN 1665-0565.

The major comparative public opinion surveys measure popular support to democracy by means of direct questions on democracy in the abstract sense. However, as the citizens may have divergent concepts of what democracy is, we do not know to what extent standard questions capture citizen support to liberal democracy. In order to solve the validity problems undergone by direct, abstract measures on democracy support, we propose to link them to indirect, more concrete measures of support to democratic principles and institutions. We use the statistic technique of conglomerate analysis to establish this link. This method allows to us to group the people surveyed in a way so that that complex and inconsistent attitudinal profiles can be captured. It allows us to identify "democrats with adjectives" who support democracy in the abstract sense, while they reject central principles of liberal democracy. We prove how fruitful this approach is by drawing a map of "illiberal democrats" in Mexico, on the basis of the Encuesta Nacional sobre Cultura Política 2005 (National Survey on Political Culture).

Keywords : democracia; sistema político; cultura política.

        · abstract in Spanish     · text in Spanish     · Spanish ( pdf )


Creative Commons License All the contents of this journal, except where otherwise noted, is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License