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MASSHOLDER, Alexia. No maltratéis a los heterodoxos, que ellos serán los que salvarán la doctrina cuando los ortodoxos claudiquen: Intelectuales cubanos al servicio de la Revolución. Cuicuilco [online]. 2013, vol.20, n.57, pp.75-91. ISSN 0185-1659.

There have been many reflections in the social sciences about the function of intellectuals in the struggle for the radical transformation of society. But, what happens to intellectuals when this transformation actually takes place? What is the role of intellectuals once the socialist revolution has arrived? This article examines the testimonies of four important Cuban intellectuals: Aurelio Alonso, Juan Valdés Paz, Roberto Fernández Retamar, Sergio Guerra Vilaboy and Fernando Martínez Heredia. The objective is to propose lines of thought on some of the ways the relationship between intellectuals and the Revolution can be conceived. Although each of these men's individual career paths differed prior to the revolution, it is evident that the needs proper to the revolutionary process were more important than the intellectual baggage each one was already carrying. This made it possible for the emergence of heterodox niches of thought, the outcome of which would once again be tied to the needs proper to the revolution. The relationship between orthodoxy and heterodoxy, far from being exclusive, in the case of Cuba became a dialectical link that allowed all the revolutionary, orthodox and heterodox intellectuality to accompany the revolutionary process over its long, contradictory and gripping life.

Keywords : intellectuals; revolution; Cuba; orthodoxy; heterodoxy.

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