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RIDE. Revista Iberoamericana para la Investigación y el Desarrollo Educativo

On-line version ISSN 2007-7467


CHAMOSA SANDOVAL, María Esther. Scale to Measure Attitudes of Graphic Design Students Towards Research. RIDE. Rev. Iberoam. Investig. Desarro. Educ [online]. 2022, vol.12, n.24, e021.  Epub May 23, 2022. ISSN 2007-7467.

The purpose of the work reported here was to design and validate a scale to measure attitudes towards learning research methodologies and the production of knowledge among graphic design students. For this, an instrument made up of 45 items distributed in six dimensions related to the usefulness of research for the profession, positive and negative assessment of research, among others, was used. To guarantee the reliability of the questionnaire, it was subjected to a validation process based on the judgment of nine experts, the content validity ratio was calculated using the Lawshe (1975) standard, and the overall convenience reached a validity index of 0.85. After a first pilot application, a second one was applied to 130 students and recent graduates of design, from two public and two private institutions in Mexico City and Toluca, and a Cronbach's alpha of 0.90 was obtained, which confirms a very high reliability. The findings obtained during the second pilot placed the participants at a "neutral" level towards research, an average of 3.53 for private universities and 3.64 for public counterparts, that is, below the "moderate positive" range, which requires at least four points. After a gender analysis, it was shown (with 20 tenths above) that women showed a better attitude towards research than men and 75% of the most favorable averages were obtained by women.

Keywords : attitudes; graphic design; scale; research; validation.

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