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Horizonte sanitario

On-line version ISSN 2007-7459Print version ISSN 1665-3262

Abstract

RODRIGUEZ-ROBLES, Ana Laura; AVILA-SANCHEZ, María de Jesús  and  PICAZZO-PALENCIA, Esteban. Analysis of maternal death through social categories in Nuevo León, 2014-2019. Horiz. sanitario [online]. 2022, vol.21, n.3, pp.411-421.  Epub Sep 01, 2023. ISSN 2007-7459.  https://doi.org/10.19136/hs.a21n3.4805.

Objective:

To determine the relation between social categories in the incidence of maternal death in 2014-2019 in the state of Nuevo León.

Material and Methods:

A statistical analysis of maternal deaths in the state with the database provided by the federal Ministry of Health, filtering the information of the social categories of women who died from maternal causes. Subsequently, the data obtained were processed in the SPSS 22 program, performing a descriptive statistical analysis, chi square and logistic regression.

Results:

Social categories, schooling, marital status and age turn out to be significant for the probability of dying from maternal causes, women with high schooling reduce the risk of dying by 22.8%, women with medium schooling reduce the probability by 50.8% of dying compared to women with a low education level, for their part, single women reduce the probability of dying from maternal causes by 79.5%, likewise, women aged 15 to 24 are 105.3 times more likely to die, while women aged 25 to 39 are 35.4 times more likely to die from maternal causes than women aged 40 to 55.

Conclusion:

Age, schooling, as well as being in a relationship significantly increase the probability of dying from maternal causes, so it can be concluded with the fact that women are violated due to gender issues, however, there are categories that make clear distinctions in the treatment and care in relation to their pregnancy, childbirth and puerperium.

Keywords : Sexual and reproductive rights; Maternal deaths; Inequality; Gender.

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