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México y la cuenca del pacífico

On-line version ISSN 2007-5308


ACOSTA GASTELUM, Carlos. Of God and Reason in XVIII C. British North America. Méx.cuenca pac [online]. 2021, vol.10, n.28, pp.145-168.  Epub Mar 09, 2021. ISSN 2007-5308.

The following article intends the description of the religious and intellectual environment in prerevolutionary America. It is divided into two main sections: (1) a religious one where I will cover the most significant elements, and the ideological context of what was the most decisive cultural force in the formation of the new country ―Puritanism―; and (2) another that succinctly describes the particular shape that enlightened thought acquired in that part of the British Empire.

A description of eighteenth-century Puritan North America requires a closer look at the version of Calvinism prevalent in the Northeastern seaboard, and therein to the cultural phenomenon of religious revivalism. Now connected to these variables lie a series of theological conceptions that shaped Puritan belief and practice in manifold ways, and that will be covered in the first section of this work: Arminianism, Antinomianism, Millennialism, and Religious Enthusiasm, among others.

Keywords : Puritanism; Calvinism; Enlightenment; Revolution; Human Nature.

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