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On-line version ISSN 2594-1917Print version ISSN 1870-0063


PERLMAN, Janice. Ciudades sin tugurios, ciudades sin alma. Repensando los conceptos y las consecuencias de la marginalidad en las favelas de Río de Janeiro.Translated byVíctor Delgadillo. Andamios [online]. 2019, vol.16, n.39, pp.207-233. ISSN 2594-1917.

“Cities without slums” means “Cities without souls”. Reflections about concepts and consequences of the Marginality based on the favelas of Rio de Janeiro. This essay by Janice Perlman -author of the legendary 40 years old anthropological study The Myth of Marginality in the Favelas of Rio de Janeiro- was created during numerous Conferences in preparation for the United Nations Cities and Housing Summit -Habitat III (2016). The occasion invited to review the housing policy changes since Habitat I (1976), when the discussions were led specially by experts like John Turner and his colleagues. They interpreted the still young phenomenon of informal Settlements in Latin America as a solution on the part of the affected actors and not as a “monstrosity” or a “degeneration”, of the in those years beginning (and by the way ongoing) urbanization wave. In the last forty years progressive politicians recognized the social and political benefits of the upgrading of the self-built Housing and Settlements instead demolitions and evictions, and they defended the self-construction as an instrument of the Housing policy. Janice Perlman has empirically validated those expected success, in the context of a recently published long-term study for Rio de Janeiro. She confirms that, from the youngest Housing Programs in Brazil to the newest, in context of the urban redevelopment for the Soccer World Cup 2014 and the Olympic Games 2016, the constants are the destruction of the favelas and the forced evictions of their inhabitants to monotone mass housing on the urban periphery.

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