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Migraciones internacionales

On-line version ISSN 2594-0279Print version ISSN 1665-8906


TAYLOR HANSEN, Lawrence Douglas. El contrabando de chinos en la frontera de las Californias durante el porfiriato (1876-1911). Migr. Inter [online]. 2002, vol.1, n.3, pp.5-31. ISSN 2594-0279.

The article analyzes the circumstances in which great numbers of Chinese began to migrate as contract laborers to the United States, particularly to California, in the mid-nineteenth century. It examines the routes that Chinese workers used to reach North America, including methods for crossing the Mexico-California border. It also considers the U.S. and Mexican government positions on this issue, as well as the efforts of the U.S. Immigration Service to eradicate the "human contraband." The article pays particular attention to the difficulties both governments faced in trying to control the trafficking in people and the reasons for its decline and cessation at the end of the 1920s.

Keywords : international migration; undocumented persons; Chinese immigration; Mexico; California.

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