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Revista mexicana de sociología

On-line version ISSN 2594-0651Print version ISSN 0188-2503


GALL, Olivia. Identity, Exclusion and Racism: Theoretical Considerations. Rev. Mex. Sociol [online]. 2004, vol.66, n.2, pp.221-259. ISSN 2594-0651.

This article analyzes the issue of racism from a theoretical standpoint (referring mainly to its central logic and its relationship with modernity) and its specific manifestations in Mexico. To this end, the author reviews certain central concepts in order to situate the problem of race regarded as a social construction, in relation to other central social constructions, namely ethnicity and gender. These concepts include equality, identity-otherness, intolerance, exclusion and discrimination. The author then tries to prove the extent to which, despite having been hidden for decades behind the myth of miscegenation, anti-indigenous racism in Mexico is a definite phenomenon with an enormous social importance. Finally, she explores the specific ways in which racism has been interwoven with gender discrimination in Mexico, which has meant that Mexican indigenous women are one of the groups with least access to citizenship.

Keywords : racism; ethnicity; miscegenation; intolerance; gender discrimination.

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