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Educación química

Print version ISSN 0187-893X

Abstract

WISNIAK, Jaime. James Mason Crafts. Educ. quím [online]. 2012, vol.23, suppl.1, pp.162-170. ISSN 0187-893X.

James Mason Crafts (1865-1927), an American mining engineer, is best know for his co-discovery of the Friedel-Crafts reaction, a powerful organic synthesis tool. He did basic work on the synthesis of organo-silicon compounds, determined the atomic weight of silicon, and published extensively on thermometry, on the calibration of thermometers, and proposed naphthalene and benzophenone as new fixed points for the thermometric scale in the range 100° to 400°C.

Keywords : Friedel-Crafts reaction; organic synthesis; organo-silicon compounds; thermometry; hydrogen thermometer; vapor pressure; naphthalene; benzophenone; fixed points.

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