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On-line version ISSN 2395-8464Print version ISSN 0186-0348


LUTZ, Bruno. Organize to Civilize. The Mexican State and the Peasant in the Twentieth Century. Secuencia [online]. 2023, n.116, e1984.  Epub June 09, 2023. ISSN 2395-8464.

This essay examines the organization of the peasantry as a historical form of control of this sector of the population. We divide the period, that goes from the porfiriato to the contemporary time, in three great moments that correspond to three paradigms of the process of civilization. We find that from the last quarter of the nineteenth century until cardenism the slogan of the labrador’s liberation prevailed. Then came the social and political organization of the ejidatario as a guideline of public policies, to become in the eighties the emancipation of the rural worker and his full insertion in the free market economy.

Keywords : farmer; civilization; State; Mexico; peasantry.

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