SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

vol.44 issue4Smartphone addiction is associated with symptoms of anxiety, depression, stress, tension, confusion, and insomnia: A cross-sectional and comparative study with physically and non-physically active adults in self-isolation during the COVID-19 pandemic author indexsubject indexsearch form
Home Pagealphabetic serial listing  

Services on Demand




Related links

  • Have no similar articlesSimilars in SciELO


Salud mental

Print version ISSN 0185-3325


MOTA GONZALEZ, Cecilia et al. Subjective well-being in men and women during the COVID-19 lockdown: A structural model. Salud Ment [online]. 2021, vol.44, n.4, pp.201-209.  Epub Oct 25, 2021. ISSN 0185-3325.


As a measure for controlling COVID-19, lockdown has had a psychological impact on people. Since subjective well-being (SW) has been positively associated with mental health, the identification of its predictors in this context will enable it to be strengthened.


To generate and test explanatory models for SW in men and women under lockdown due to the pandemic.


Four thousand seven hundred and seventy-one inhabitants of Mexico, with paid employment, under lockdown, answered a set of instruments via the Internet that evaluated positive and negative psychological factors in addition to SW. Based on correlation and multiple regression analysis, models were proposed for men and women, which were tested by path analysis.


Both models successfully fit the data and explained a high proportion of the SW variance. Spiritual strength was the best predictor, mainly for women, while the capacity for enjoyment was central to the models, mediating the effect of empathy and depression.

Discussion and conclusion

SW is significantly predicted by the factors studied, especially spiritual strength and capacity for enjoyment, which seem to provide men and women with fortitude and meaning of life in adverse circumstances such as today’s.

Keywords : COVID-19; subjective well-being; spirituality; mental health.

        · abstract in Spanish     · text in English     · English ( pdf )