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Revista mexicana de ciencias políticas y sociales

Print version ISSN 0185-1918

Abstract

PARDO, Fabiola. Facing Integration and Citizenship Policies: Latin American Migrants in the European City. Rev. mex. cienc. polít. soc [online]. 2014, vol.59, n.220, pp.295-316. ISSN 0185-1918.

Over the last two decades, and with the so-called failure of multiculturalism, an important debate has emerged around integration policy making for immigrants in Europe. While these policies should aim to strengthen the participation of immigrant groups in all spheres of society and encourage intercultural processes, in practise, immigrants are made to shoulder the whole responsibility of their integration. Given the international economic and political context, Europe has underscored its rejection of non-western immigration and its policies tend to enforce control measures as well as the establishment of strict selection criteria. As shown in the Latin-American case, the efficiency of these policies is limited and migrants are participating in host societies through the use of informal social and civic networks and transnational activities developed by migrants themselves, instead of through formal policies designed to integrate them. Immigrants are opening alternative channels of participation in response to the weakness in the government's policies. The resurgence of the concepts of citizenship and national identity as a strategy for integration and social cohesion, and the urgency that characterises these integration policies despite the fact that they are processes that require long-term views and goals, are leading to the inefficiency -if not the failure- of these legislative efforts.

Keywords : integration policy; multiculturalismi migrant; citizenship; transnationalism; Latin-American migrants.

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