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Revista de la Facultad de Medicina (México)

On-line version ISSN 2448-4865Print version ISSN 0026-1742


SALAZAR-SCHETTINO, Paz María et al. Chagas disease in Mexico. Rev. Fac. Med. (Méx.) [online]. 2016, vol.59, n.3, pp.6-16. ISSN 2448-4865.

Mexico is a country endemic for Chagas disease in which two thirds of the territory can be considered at risk of vector-borne infection. This means that 1.1 million people could be infected with Trypanosoma cruzi and 29.5 million at risk of infection. Dwelling characteristics of poverty in these rural areas linked with biological conditions, lifestyle, environmental and sociocultural factors are important in the morbidity and mortality of the disease. Nowadays, the screening for the parasite is mandatory and at least 92% of blood banks are covered. The inadequate knowledge of the disease by the health personnel and the population limits the possibility of the diagnosis. The acute phase of the disease courses undetected. The main affected organ in Chagas disease is the heart, with a slow evolution; the pathogenesis of chronic cardiomyopathy is complex and lesions occur mainly in the autonomic nervous system and myocardium leading to disturbances in the conductivity and contractility of the organ. The main pathogenic mechanisms involved in the development of the disease are described.

Keywords : Trypanosoma cruzi; Romana’s sign; triatominae; Cardiomyopathy.

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