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vol.159 issue6Analysis of the burden of disease attributable to environmental risk factors in Mexico in the 1990-2021 period. Identification of advances, lags and emergenciesThe burden of cardiovascular disease in Mexico 1990-2021. Summary of the Global Burden of Disease 2021 study author indexsubject indexsearch form
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Gaceta médica de México

On-line version ISSN 2696-1288Print version ISSN 0016-3813


ARREOLA-ORNELAS, Héctor et al. Burden of overweight and obesity in Mexico from 1990 to 2021. Gac. Méd. Méx [online]. 2023, vol.159, n.6, pp.560-573.  Epub Mar 26, 2024. ISSN 2696-1288.


Overweight and obesity (OW/OB) represent a serious challenge in Mexico, with effects on health, society and economy. Demographic, epidemiological, nutritional, social and economic factors have exacerbated this problem.


To analyze mortality and years of healthy life lost in Mexico due to OW/OB in the 1990-2021 period.

Material and methods:

The Global Burden of Disease and Risk Factors 2021 study was used to analyze data on elevated body mass index (BMI) as a risk factor and its evolution in Mexico.


In 2021, 118 thousand deaths attributable to high BMI were recorded, which accounted for 10.6% of total deaths and more than 4.2 million disability-adjusted life years lost.


The obesogenic environment, influenced by social determinants of health, has had a significant impact on mortality, burden of disease, and economic costs. Addressing OW/OB requires multisector interventions to strengthen the Mexican health system.

Keywords : Burden of disease; Mexico; Obesity; Healthcare system; Overweight.

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