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Journal of the Mexican Chemical Society

Print version ISSN 1870-249X

J. Mex. Chem. Soc vol.54 n.2 México Apr./Jun. 2010

 

Article

 

Extraction and Characterization of Oils from Three Mexican Jatropha Species

 

Maricela Rodríguez–Acosta,1 Jesús Sandoval–Ramírez,2* Reyna Zeferino–Díaz3

 

1 Herbario y Jardín Botánico. Benemérita Universidad Autónoma de Puebla. Ciudad Universitaria. 72570. Puebla, Pue., México.

2 Facultad de Ciencias Químicas, Benemérita Universidad Autónoma de Puebla. Ciudad Universitaria, 72570 Puebla, Pue., México. jsandova@siu.buap.mx

3 Facultad de Ingeniería Química. Benemérita Universidad Autónoma de Puebla. Ciudad Universitaria. 72570, Puebla, Pue., México.

 

Received January 12, 2010
Accepted April 12, 2010

 

Abstract

The composition of seed oil of three endemic Mexican species of Jatropha is described. Oils were analyzed through the formation of their corresponding methyl esters and their yield and composition were found to be close to that of the oil of Jatropha curcas L. The results show that the three species studied are potential sources of biofuels and therefore are promising alternative crops for biodiesel production in the arid regions of Mexico.

Keywords: Fatty Acids, Plant oils, seeds, Jatropha species.

 

Resumen

Se describe la composición de los aceites de semillas de tres especies de Jatropha endémicas de México. Los aceites fueron analizados a través de la formación de los ésteres metílicos y se encontró que sus rendimientos y composición guardan similitud al aceite de Jatropha curcas L. Los resultados muestran que las tres especies analizadas son fuentes potenciales para la producción de biocombustibles y por lo tanto son cultivos alternativos promisorios para la producción de biodiesel en las regiones áridas de México.

Palabras clave: Ácidos grasos, aceites vegetales, semillas, especies de Jatropha.

 

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Acknowledgements

The authors express their thanks to PROMEP for financial support (Grant BUAP–EXB–6200).

 

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