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Superficies y vacío

Print version ISSN 1665-3521

Superf. vacío vol.22 n.4 México Dec. 2009


Pyrrole–added Fe2O3 films by ultrasonic spray pyrolisis


Carlos Torres Frausto, Alejandro Avila Garcia*


CINVESTAV del IPN, Departamento de Ingeniería Eléctrica, Sección de Electrónica del Estado Sólido, México 07360, D. F., México. E–mail: *


Recibido: 26 de agosto de 2009.
Aceptado: 30 de octubre de 2009.



Fe2O3 thin films were grown by Ultrasonic Spray Pyrolisis from a 0.05 aqueous solution of FeCl3 added with a small amount of pyrrole monomer. Films at different substrate temperature and pyrrole content were grown. They were characterized by using x–ray diffraction (XRD), infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and atomic force microscopy (AFM). Results indicated that at low substrate temperature (approximately < 200°C) the films mainly resemble the polypyrrole structure. At higher temperatures up to 400°C the trend is to form the hematite phase (Fe2O3) of iron oxide. Furthermore, the surface morphology exhibits nano–size features, which can be changed by using different pyrrole contents. This last feature could be useful for usage of the film as a gas sensor.

Keywords: Composite films; Polypyrrole and iron oxide; Ultrasonic spray pyrolisis.





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