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Análisis económico

On-line version ISSN 2448-6655Print version ISSN 0185-3937


FAVILA TELLO, Antonio. Efficiency of innovation in Latin America. An approximation through the Data Envelopment Analysis. Anál. econ. [online]. 2019, vol.34, n.87, pp.249-267.  Epub Nov 13, 2020. ISSN 2448-6655.

The objective of this research is to measure the innovation efficiency of eleven Latin American countries with data for the year 2018, as well as to know which of the factors considered had a greater impact on the behavior of this phenomenon. It is hypothesized that the efficiency in the generation of patent applications by the selected countries is positively determined by their efficiency in seven inputs called Regulatory Environment, Basic Education, Post-Basic Education, Research and Development, General Infrastructure, Investment and Commerce and Competition. To corroborate the above, a measurement was carried out using a radial type Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA), output oriented, with constant returns to scale. The results suggest that the highest efficiency was reached by Paraguay, Colombia, Brazil and Argentina; the countries evaluated as the least efficient were Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Mexico, Ecuador and Uruguay.

Keywords : Efficiency; Latin America; data envelopment; patents.

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