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Ecosistemas y recursos agropecuarios

On-line version ISSN 2007-901XPrint version ISSN 2007-9028

Abstract

LAVARIEGA, Mario C.; MARTIN-REGALADO, Natalia; MONROY-GAMBOA, Alina Gabriela  and  BRIONES-SALAS, Miguel. Conservation status of the terrestrial vertebrates from state of Oaxaca, Mexico. Ecosistemas y recur. agropecuarios [online]. 2017, vol.4, n.10, pp.135-146. ISSN 2007-901X.  http://dx.doi.org/10.19136/era.a4n10.855.

The state of Oaxaca is one of the most biodiverse at Mexico; it occupies the first place of amphibians, reptiles, birds and mammals species richness. Nonetheless, habitat loss and fragmentation and overhunting are the main threats to species' conservation. In Mexico, NOM-059-SEMARNAT-2010 lists the flora and fauna species at risk. Globally, the red list of the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) catalogues the wild species with conservation problems and the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) rules the traffic of flora and fauna species. In order to know the conservation status of the state of Oaxaca, the risk categories of the terrestrial vertebrates with distribution in Oaxaca at the NOM-059-SEMARNAT-2010, the red list of the IUCN, and the CITES lists were consulted. We found a total of 580 terrestrial vertebrates in Oaxaca listed with a risk category; from these, we detected that 100 were amphibians (17.24 %), 152 reptiles (26.20 %), 254 birds (43.79 %) and 74 mammals (12.75 %). The results showed that a high number of species has conservation threats and the rapidly demographic growth and the land use change in Oaxaca, enforce to conservation of the species in order to preserve the natural heritage of the state.

Keywords : Amphibians; birds; mammals; reptiles; risk categories.

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