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RIDE. Revista Iberoamericana para la Investigación y el Desarrollo Educativo

On-line version ISSN 2007-7467


ALVAREZ CEDILLO, Jesús Antonio; ALVAREZ SANCHEZ, Teodoro; AGUILAR FERNANDEZ, Mario  and  SANDOVAL GOMEZ, Raúl Junior. Determining factors that make children drop out of secondary school in Oaxaca. RIDE. Rev. Iberoam. Investig. Desarro. Educ [online]. 2021, vol.12, n.23, e033.  Epub Feb 14, 2022. ISSN 2007-7467.

However, In the 1990s years, the gender disparities have been reversed in favour of girls, due it has been detected since 2003 that they are the group with the highest school dropouts. This article presents the culmination of a qualitative ethnographic study which took place in the city of Oaxaca, Mexico, during January and February 2017. Our research seeks to find the determining factors that cause children to drop out of secondary school. Some factors could be such as family, school and social context influence the dropout phenomenon. An inclusive approach was also used to analyze the most significant number of determining elements through the application of an instrument based on the semi-structured interview; this study was applied to high-achieving students and students at risk of dropping out of secondary school, also those who their parents already did. Our goal is to understand how these elements influence a student's decision to abandon their studies. The results obtained provide evidence on school participation, dropout, and dropout, where influential factors were obtained such as classroom practices, family dynamics, cultural beliefs, economic reasons, among others.

Keywords : School dropout; education; educational inequality; secondary dropout factors.

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