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RIDE. Revista Iberoamericana para la Investigación y el Desarrollo Educativo

On-line version ISSN 2007-7467


JIMENEZ GARCIA, Martha; HERNANDEZ HORTA, Ingrid Anai  and  TAVERA CORTES, María Elena. Multidimensional Poverty Index in a municipality of Oaxaca. RIDE. Rev. Iberoam. Investig. Desarro. Educ [online]. 2021, vol.11, n.22, e016.  Epub May 21, 2021. ISSN 2007-7467.

Poverty has been a problem worldwide and in Mexico it has occurred in greater numbers in the southern states. The objective of this work was to prepare the Multidimensional Poverty Index with the inclusion of information and communication technologies, to generate a public intervention and reduce poverty and improve well-being, focused on health, nutrition, characteristics of housing, equipment of information and communication technologies, internet, social networks, and sanitation. The research was carried out in the municipality of Tepelmeme Villa de Morelos in the state of Oaxaca, a poverty survey was applied to 128 households in three rural communities and a multidimensional poverty index was prepared with the Alkire and Foster methodology based on indicators of poverty. In the results, an index of 0.431 was found for a poverty line of 50%, the indicators that contributed to poverty in greater quantity were household equipment with 15.21% (number of electrical appliances) and 14.77% (automobile), of equal health forms with 7.76% (visit to the specialist doctor) and 6.49% (visit to the general practitioner), in terms of nutrition with 7.51% (protein), 6.3% (vegetables), and 5.1 (fruits). Likewise, a simulation of a public government intervention was carried out, for this the values of the poverty indicators with the greatest contribution to the index were adjusted and the poverty index was recalculated, with this it was possible to reduce the multidimensional poverty index to a value of 0.355. It was concluded that a government intervention should be made to reallocate resources, so a scenario was proposed to reduce poverty.

Keywords : rural community; index poverty; health; Tepelmeme; ICT.

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