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Botanical Sciences

On-line version ISSN 2007-4476Print version ISSN 2007-4298


JACOBO-PEREIRA, César et al. Seed integrity, effect of temperature and storage time on germination of Populus luziarum and P. primaveralepensis, endangered subtropical species from Mexico. Bot. sci [online]. 2022, vol.100, n.1, pp.192-203.  Epub Feb 03, 2022. ISSN 2007-4476.


Populus luziarum and P. primaveralepensis are endemic species of western Mexico; growing in riparian forests they are critically endangered. The best way to conserve their seeds is unknown, which could be limiting for their conservation.


The germinability of both subtropical species is like that of boreal and template Salicaceae species that disperse seeds in spring and early summer, as they germinate quickly with high percentages, and rapidly lose their viability when stored at ambient temperature.

Studied species:

Populus luziarum and P. primaveralepensis.

Study site and dates:

Western Trans-Mexican Volcanic Belt. Jalisco, Mexico. October 2019.


The physical integrity of the seeds was assessed by X-ray imaging and compared with germinability. In addition, the effect of storage time (nine weeks) under two temperatures (4 and 21 °C) on the percentage and mean germination rate was evaluated.


No significant differences were found between physical integrity and germination in freshly collected seeds for both species. Germination in the first 24 hrs was 91 and 95 % for Populus luziarum and P. primaveralepensis, respectively (week 0). Germination percentages were lower when stored at 21 °C, but P. primaveralepensis was decreased more slowly.


Seeds of subtropical Populus respond similarly to those of species from temperate and boreal climates with early seed dispersal, a crucial condition for establishing ex situ reforestation and conservation programs.

Keywords : Salicaceae; seed physical integrity; seed storage conditions; subtropical endemic species; white poplars.

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