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Botanical Sciences

On-line version ISSN 2007-4476Print version ISSN 2007-4298

Abstract

RODRIGUEZ-SANCHEZ, Perla Victoria; LEVY TACHER, Samuel Israel; RAMIREZ-MARCIAL, Neptalí  and  ESTRADA-LUGO, Erin. Comparative analysis of fundo legal vegetation and mature vegetation in the town of Yaxcaba, Yucatan, Mexico. Bot. sci [online]. 2019, vol.97, n.1, pp.50-64. ISSN 2007-4476.  http://dx.doi.org/10.17129/botsci.2024.

Background:

The fundo legal (FL) represents a strip of vegetation that surrounds many towns in the Yucatan Peninsula. The main function of the FL is the provision of ecosystem services.

Hypothesis:

Does the composition and structure of the FL vegetation differ from the mature vegetation (VM) of the Yaxcabá municipal seat? / The FL and the VM are similar in terms of their floristic richness but not in their structure.

Place and dates of study:

In the VM and the vegetation of the FL of the municipal seat of Yaxcabá, Yucatán from February to July 2017.

Methods:

They were made 32 sampling units (SU) located in the predominant soil types (hollum and kankab); 24 SU were performed within the FL and 8 SU in the VM. In each SU, all individuals > 2.5 cm in diameter were recorded. The richness and diversity of species was compared between FL and VM through rarefaction to standardize the sampling effect and through a linear model and a post hoc test the structural differences between both types of vegetation could be defined.

Results:

The results revealed similarity in richness, tree density and species diversity between FL vegetation and VM. However, the basal area was significantly lower in FL.

Conclusions:

The formal differences between the vegetation structure of the FL with respect to VM show us that the sustainable use of FL is possible.

Keywords : conservation; semi-deciduous forest; traditional management.

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