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Revista Chapingo serie ciencias forestales y del ambiente

On-line version ISSN 2007-4018Print version ISSN 2007-3828

Abstract

LOPEZ-ESCOBAR, Norma F. et al. Reservoirs and nutrient dynamics in two stands of Pinus montezumae Lamb. in Tlaxcala, Mexico. Rev. Chapingo ser. cienc. for. ambient [online]. 2018, vol.24, n.1, pp.115-129. ISSN 2007-4018.  http://dx.doi.org/10.5154/r.rchscfa.2017.09.055.

Introduction:

Nutrient cycle studies are important to propose sustainable methods in forestry.

Objectives:

To evaluate the reservoirs of N, P, K, Ca and Mg in trees, litter and mineral soil of two managed stands of Pinus montezumae Lamb.; estimate the decomposition rate of litter; and quantify the annual amount of nutrients required for tree growth.

Materials and methods:

The study was conducted in Nanacamilpa, Tlaxcala. The biomass and mass of nutrients in trunk, branches and leaves were estimated with a destructive sampling of 10 trees.

Results and discussion:

Dasometric data, reservoirs and nutrient dynamics were similar in both stands (t, P > 0.05). In mineral soil, the contents of N, P, K, Ca and Mg were 5 419, 68, 1 245, 9 163 and 2 029 kg·ha-1, respectively; and in aerial biomass were 242, 12, 28, 167 and 118 kg·ha-1, respectively. The decomposition rate of leaf-litter was -0.335. Trees require 73 to 81 kg·ha-1·year-1 of N, 5.2 to 5.3 kg·ha-1·year-1 of P and 9.4 to 10 kg·ha-1·year-1 of K to grow.

Conclusion:

Soil nutrients could maintain forest growth for 256 years, but P could be a limiting factor if sustainable harvest practices change.

Keywords : Nutrient cycle; forest harvesting; forest management; pine forests.

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