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Revista mexicana de ciencias agrícolas

Print version ISSN 2007-0934


MORENO-GALLEGOS, Tomas et al. VCS-Brillante, variety of sorghum for the state of Sinaloa. Rev. Mex. Cienc. Agríc [online]. 2018, vol.9, n.7, pp.1564-1568.  Epub Sep 30, 2020. ISSN 2007-0934.

Sinaloa occupies the second national place in sorghum planted surface with 227 thousand 753 hectares, after Tamaulipas. In terms of production, Sinaloa ranks third with 484 650 tons of grain and 341 605 tons of sorghum green fodder per year. The problems faced by sorghum in Sinaloa are drought, as well as the scarce use of conservation practices and the use of moisture. For this reason, INIFAP in Sinaloa, released the VCS-Brillante variety which is registered with the number SOG-283-231117 and breeder’s title number 1891, in the National Catalog of Plant Varieties of the SINCS of Mexico. VCS-Brillante is a variety of intermediate vegetative cycle, cream or amber, is recommended for irrigation and temporary conditions. The average yield of the variety is 2 960 kg ha-1 of grain and 36 515 kg ha-1 of green forage, superior on average 5.4 and 44.6% respectively, to commercial hybrids of private companies. The bromatological quality of the forage is 6.7% of protein and 78.09% of digestibility, superior quality to the commercial control. It is tolerant to diseases that occur in the region, such as: ergot (Claviceps africana), anthracnose (Colletotrichum graminicola), blight of the panicle (Fusarium moniliforme) and carbonaceous rot of the stem (Macrophomina phaseolina), it has tolerance to the yellow aphid. sorghum (Melanaphis sacchari Zehntner). VCS-Brillante was released as a variety with potential to be grown in the state of Sinaloa.

Keywords : Sorghum bicolor; grain; resistance to diseases.

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