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On-line version ISSN 2007-9869Print version ISSN 1870-6622


JARAMILLO-VILLANUEVA, José Luis; YUNEZ-NAUDE, Antonio  and  SERRANO COTE, Valeria. Spatial Integration of Mexico-U.S. Grain Markets: The Case of Maize, Wheat and Sorghum. EconoQuantum [online]. 2015, vol.12, n.1, pp.57-70. ISSN 2007-9869.

The Mexican government embarked on agricultural trade liberalization in the 1990s, and agricultural trade flows in North America increased. Based on data on Mexico and United States of America (U.S.) prices of maize, sorghum and wheat from 1981 to 2010 we show that trade liberalization between Mexico and the U.S. under the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) resulted in a structural change in prices received by Mexican producers of these crops. We found that this change coincides with convergence with U.S. prices of maize, sorghum and wheat in Mexico food consumption. Hence, the study provides evidence that trade liberalization led to greater integration of Mexico-U.S. agricultural market. We also shown that for the three studied crops, there is a long-term relationship between their price series and an increase in the speed of adjustment of domestic prices in response to changes in international/U.S. prices.

Keywords : grain markets; price convergence; structural change.

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