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Región y sociedad

On-line version ISSN 2448-4849Print version ISSN 1870-3925


AGUILAR BARCELO, José G. et al. La microempresarialidad informal en México durante los años noventa: un análisis de la dinámica de flujos laborales. Región y sociedad [online]. 2012, vol.24, n.54, pp.05-33. ISSN 2448-4849.

Using data from the National Urban Employment Survey, we derived approximations for the probability of a transition between occupational categories within Mexican micro-entrepreneurship between 1987 and 1999. In accordance with a dualistic view, many of the informal micro-enterprises that emerged in the '90s could be considered involuntary, since they resulted from unemployment and economic inactivity. However, a small subset showed an inverse behavior by developing entrepreneurship when market demand was high, so these micro-enterprises would be considered voluntary according to a legalist and neoclassical economic view: before becoming formal employers, they began as informal entrepreneurs. During the administrations of Presidents Salinas and Zedillo, the Mexican economy showed a decrease in the progression towards micro-enterprise formalization, primarily due to domestic macroeconomic policies that gravely affected this sector.

Keywords : employer; self-employed; informality; small business entrepreneurship; economic cycle; transition probability.

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