Archivos de cardiología de México
Print version ISSN 1405-9940
LUCAS-LUCIARDI, Héctor et al. Determination of blood markers and inflammation in subjects with impaired glucose tolerance. Arch. Cardiol. Méx. [online]. 2012, vol.82, n.1, pp. 1-6. ISSN 1405-9940.
Objective: This study was designed to explore the presence of a prothrombotic state, fibrinolytic dysfunction and infammation in impaired glucose tolerance subjects, by evaluating serum markers of thrombosis, fibrinolysis and infammation. Methods: In 48 consecutive adults, 25 patients with impaired glucose tolerance (nine men and 16 women, 50.0 ±9.2 years) were compared with 23 control subjects (six men and 17 women, 48.0 ±11 years). The markers of thrombotic activation used were D-dimer and fibrinogen. Fibrinolysis dysfuntion was evaluated with plasminogen activator inhibitor 1 (PAI-1) and the infammatory marker studied was hs-C reactive protein (hs-CRP). Results: The markers of thrombotic state were significantly higher in patients with impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) than in controls: D dimer (489.6 ± 277.3 vs. 345.8 ± 158.9 ng/mL) (p < 0.01) and fibrinogen (317.7 ±32.1 vs. 266.7 ±25.4 mg/dL) (p < 0.0001). Fibrinolytic marker PAI-1 also differed significantly between the two study groups (66.4 ± 30.7 vs. 35.5 ± 31.0 ng/ mL) (p < 0.006). However, hs-CRP, as infammation marker, (0.45 ± 0.62 mg/dL vs. 0.38 ± 0.47) did not differ significantly between the two study groups (<0.28). Conclusion: This result suggests the presence of a prothrombotic state with fibrinolytic dysfunction in subjects with impaired glucose tolerance.
Keywords : Impaired glucose tolerance; Prothrombotic state; Inflammation; Fibrinolytic dysfunction; Argentina.