Economía, sociedad y territorio
Print version ISSN 1405-8421
UNGER-RUBIN, Kurt Francisco. Competitiveness and specialization of the economy of Guanajuato: a municipal approach, 1993-2003. Econ. soc. territ [online]. 2011, vol.11, n.36, pp.403-454. ISSN 1405-8421.
The analysis of the economic and competitive evolution of the State of Guanajuato reveals a selection of few specializations and few municipalities with competitive leadership. The diversified municipalities have a better dynamic and are safer from sudden oscillations because of the proper and natural defense from risks which are neutralized; conversely, the mono-manufacturers are greatly exposed to changes with the risk of municipal viability as they solely depend on a single activity. The other municipalities are safe in the moderate defense of businesses and services, first-need non-commodifiable activities. The public policy must be more congruent recognizing those instances of assigned advantages and other different where the market can manage itself. In order to favor the development of competitive clusters with revealed regional specializations, some cases would suggest looking for the integration of broader regions which may transcend the very state.
Keywords : regional competitiveness; municipal specialization.