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Computación y Sistemas

Print version ISSN 1405-5546

Abstract

CAMPOS, Wilfrido et al. Inferring Social Isolation in Older Adults through Ambient Intelligence and Social Networking Sites. Comp. y Sist. [online]. 2016, vol.20, n.1, pp.143-152. ISSN 1405-5546.  http://dx.doi.org/10.13053/cys-20-1-2193.

Early diagnosis of social isolation in older adults can prevent physical and cognitive impairment or further impoverishment of their social network. This diagnosis is usually performed by personal and periodic application of psychological assessment instruments. This situation encourages the development of novel approaches able to monitor risk situations in social interactions to obtain early diagnosis and implement appropriate measures. This paper presents the development of a prediction model of social isolation in older adults through Ambient Intelligence (AmI) and Social Networking Sites (SNSs). The predictive model has been evaluated in terms of its accuracy, sensitivity, specificity, predictive values. This paper also presents the results of an experimental test applying the proposed approach with real users, obtaining a prediction accuracy of 87% and a type II error rate of 15%. The proposed model will benefit institutions interested in developing technological solutions to detect early stages of social isolation, resulting in improving the quality of life of older adults.

Keywords : Predictive model; social isolation; older adults; ambient intelligence; social networking site.

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