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Agrociencia

On-line version ISSN 2521-9766Print version ISSN 1405-3195

Abstract

LEDEZMA-OROZCO, Edgar et al. Production of xylitol from non-detoxified acid hydrolizates from sorghum straw by Debaryomyces hansenii. Agrociencia [online]. 2018, vol.52, n.8, pp.1095-1106. ISSN 2521-9766.

The industrial production of xylitol is carried out with the chemical hydrogenation of D-xylose and it is a costly process. An alternative procedure is the fermentation of lignocellulosic residues with yeasts such as Debaryomyces hansenii (Zopf) Lodder and Kreger-van Rij. Therefore, the objective of this study was to evaluate the extraction of xylitol from sorghum straw, in detoxified and non-detoxified media. White sorghum straw [Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench.], variety RB-Paloma, was hydrolyzed with H2SO4 at 2, 4 and 6 %; solid liquid ratio 1:6, 1:8 and 1:10; all treatments at 120 °C for 80 min. Those hydrolyzed were neutralized and used to evaluate the production of xylitol; culture media contained 30, 40 or 50 g L-1 xylose were inoculated with D. hansenii and incubated at 30 and 35 °C, 150 and 200 RPM for 96 h. In addition, the data were analyzed with ANDEVA and means tests (p ≤ 0.05). The maximum concentration of xylitol in the detoxified media was 28.8 g L-1 (40 g xylose, 35 °C, 200 rpm), and in non-detoxified, the maximum found was 29.23 g L-1 (30 g xylose, 35 °C, 150 rpm). The straw evaluated could be used to obtain xylose with a potential use in media for fermentation, and results also suggest that D. hansenii can metabolize xylose in the presence of acetic acid and furfural.

Keywords : xylitol; Debaryomyces hansenii; Sorghum bicolor; detoxification.

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