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MOLINA-MENDOZA, José Luis; GALVAN-VILLANUEVA, Raquel; PATINO-SICILIANO, Alfredo  and  FERNANDEZ-NAVA, Rafael. Medicinal plants and preliminary floristic list from the municipality of Huasca de Ocampo, Hidalgo, México. Polibotánica [online]. 2012, n.34, pp.259-291. ISSN 1405-2768.

A study of wild plants in the municipality of Huasca de Ocampo, Hidalgo with medicinal use was carried out and a checklist of plant species of Huasca was prepared. The methodology consisted in: literature review, collection of botanical specimens in the localities from El Zembo, Sto. Domingo, San Jerónimo, San Sebastián, Naranjastitla and the Municipal Capital; compilation of the use of medicinal plants through directed interviews and taped conversations, recording of common names of plants collected, transcription of the taped conversations to the analysis of information and identification of the material collected through the use of taxonomic keys; 576 specimens were collected, obtaining as a result the determination of 69 families, 148 genera and 222 species of plants, of which 94 species within 40 families and 72 genera have some medicinal use; 140 are new records for the area of study and of the 94 species with medicinal use, 76 species were found as new records of medicinal plants. The families better represented by the number of species, both for the medicinal flora like of the flora of the study area are: Asteraceae and Lamiaceae. The diseases with largest number of medicinal species used are those that correspond to the digestive system (30.85%), followed by the genitourinary system (24.46%), the musculoskeletal system (19.14%), the respiratory system (15.95%), and complications of pregnancy, childbirth and the postpartum period (11.70%).

Keywords : medicinal plants; floristic inventory; Huasca; Hidalgo; Mexico.

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