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Revista Chapingo. Serie horticultura

On-line version ISSN 2007-4034Print version ISSN 1027-152X


NUNEZ-COLIN, Carlos Alberto et al. Distribution, eco-climatic characterization and potential cultivation zones of mamey sapote in Mexico. Rev. Chapingo Ser.Hortic [online]. 2017, vol.23, n.2, pp.75-88. ISSN 2007-4034.

The mamey sapote (Pouteria sapota [Jacq.] H. E. Moore & Steam) is a tropical fruit native to Mexico with organoleptic and nutritional characteristics that are of commercial interest. The aim of this study was to generate maps of the natural geographic and eco-climatic distribution of mamey sapote (Pouteria sapota [Jacq.] H. E. Moore & Steam) in Mexico and model potential zones according to climate change estimated for 2050. The natural distribution model showed that this species is found in most tropical and some subtropical areas of Mexico. This species grows in three different eco-climatic regions (two tropical and one subtropical): Aw (Yucatán Peninsula), Am (Gulf of Mexico) and A(C)(m) (northern Gulf of Mexico and Pacific coast). The modeling of suitable climatic adaptation zones showed that 15 of Mexico’s 32 states have the potential to grow mamey sapote; in addition, in the global climate change scenario, beneficial effects are predicted in the adaptation of this species considering the identification of at least eight more states with favorable possibilities.

Keywords : Pouteria sapota (Jacq.) H. E. Moore & Steam; Sapotaceae Juss.; Geographic Information Systems; climate modeling; tropical fruit trees..

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