Revista mexicana de ciencias geológicas
On-line version ISSN 2007-2902
ERRA, Georgina; ZUCOL, Alejandro Fabián and KROHLING, Daniela Mariela. Phytolitic analysis of the Tezanos Pinto Formation (Late Pleistocene-early Holocene) in the northwestern sector of its distribution area, Provincia de Entre Ríos (Argentina). Rev. mex. cienc. geol [online]. 2011, vol.28, n.3, pp. 398-412. ISSN 2007-2902.
Loess deposits are the main component of the Late Quaternary sequences of Pampa plains (South America). The loess unit of the Last Glacial Maximum at the leeward side of the Pampean aeolian system represents primary loess, indicating the expansion of semiarid conditions to the NE of that system. The Tezanos Pinto Formation is the typical loessic unit of the late Pleistocene-early Holocene of North Pampa, characterized by its considerable spatial continuity. The first result of the phytolith analysis of the Tezanos Pinto Formation at the northwestern area of this formation in the Entre Ríos province is presented in this contribution. The analyzed phytolith assemblages show a high homogeneity with several variations that allowed their quantitative differentiation across the sedimentary sections. The presences of grass phytoliths jointly with palm, podostemoid and ciperoid elements allowed to realize this characterization. The association of danthoniod, pooid-festucoid, chloridoid and panicoid grass phytolith types described the presence of a cold temperate to temperate steppe with xeric conditions in the basal levels, with temperate episodes with major moistureprincipally in their middle and top sections.
Keywords : phytoliths; loess; Pleistocene-Holocene; Entre Ríos; Argentina.