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Problemas del desarrollo

Print version ISSN 0301-7036


SALAMA, Pierre. Struggles against poverty in Latin America: The case of rural poverty in Brazil. Prob. Des [online]. 2011, vol.42, n.165, pp.7-34. ISSN 0301-7036.

Having considered differing definitions of poverty for developed and developing countries, poverty in Latin America is analyzed, especially rural poverty in Brazil. Once the region's economic situation during the 1980s and 1990s is considered and the implications of this for poverty, the objective is to develop a microeconomic analysis of poverty without abandoning the macroeconomic approximation. This leads to a study of the various Conditional Cash Transfer Programs implemented in Argentina, Brazil and Mexico, and a discussion on the impact of monetary transfers, social costs and fiscal policies in the evolution of poverty. Finally, we conclude that the efficacy of these policies depends on the specific needs of the rural and urban poor, because what is important is reducing economic and social inequalities.

Keywords : Structural poverty; monetary poverty; income distribution; depth of poverty; extension of poverty.

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