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Investigaciones geográficas

On-line version ISSN 2448-7279Print version ISSN 0188-4611


FERNANDEZ CHRISTLIEB, Federico  and  URQUIJO TORRES, Pedro Sergio. The spaces of the pueblo de indios after the process of Congregación, 1550-1625. Invest. Geog [online]. 2006, n.60, pp.145-158. ISSN 2448-7279.

After the Spanish conquered the Mesoamerican high plateau, they were in a difficult position to achieve the evangelization and political control of the native population scattered over mountains or canyons. In order to gather all these settlements, the Spanish Crown decided to lay out orthogonal planned towns on flat areas, not far from the old sleeper settlements. This process is known as Congregation. The new towns not only changed the relationship of the native communities with their ancient urban pattern, but also with the landscape they had originally selected. On this paper we analyze, from a geographical point of view, the resulting spaces from this process and the new relationship between landscape and Indian towns. We propose too that in spite of the territorial modifications and the demographic redistribution, the colonial pueblo de indios look up some important continuities from prehispanic times.

Keywords : New Spain; 16th Century; indian settlements; Congregation; urban pattern; landscape.

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