Economía: teoría y práctica
Print version ISSN 0188-3380
VALDERRAMA SANTIBANEZ, Ana Lilia and NEME CASTILLO, Omar. El efecto de la tecnología en las exportaciones manufactureras mexicanas hacia Estados Unidos. Econ: teor. práct [online]. 2011, n.34, pp.65-99. ISSN 0188-3380.
The objective of this study is to demonstrate that in the long run Mexican manufacturing exports sent to the United States are mainly boosted by technological and industrial organization factors. Particularly it is identified whether technological capacities have a systematic significance as well as their role in the short run. To this end, a model of export determinants is estimated under several specifications differentiated by the technological variables. Cointegration techniques are employed to achieve a rigorous estimation of the long run exports, including the VECM , which shows the short run dynamic, and it is determined whether these variables Granger-cause the exports. It is observed that technological capacities and monopolistic competition affect exports.
Keywords : exports; technological capacities; cointegration.