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Revista del Instituto Nacional de Enfermedades Respiratorias

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Abstract

SIERRA VARGAS, Martha Patricia; FERNANDEZ VEGA, Margarita; TORRES RAMOS, Yessica Dorin  and  HICKS GOMEZ, Juan José. Direct correlation between FEF25-75 and plasmatic paraoxonase activity in adult patients with asthma. Rev. Inst. Nal. Enf. Resp. Mex. [online]. 2007, vol.20, n.1, pp. 9-14. ISSN 0187-7585.

Introduction: Plasma myeloperoxidase activity (MPO) (EC 1.11.1.7) has been related to several chronic-degenerative diseases such as asthma, which have in common a chronic inflammatory process. Paraoxonase (PON-1) (EC 3.1.1.2), is an arylesterase enzyme that has a hydroperoxide catalytic function. This enzyme is a component of APO A-l located in HDL. PON1 is has been considered to protect lipoproteins, because it interrupts the oxidation process of LDL, conducive to the atherosclerotic process. Objectives: To demonstrate that, a) oxidative stress in asthmatic patients correlates with the MPO activity, and b) demonstrate the role of PON 1 activity as a biomarker of their pulmonary function. Methods: The activity of both enzymes was measured in plasma of patients with asthma and compared to a control group of healthy subjects. Results: In the group of patients with asthma, MPO activity increased 42% (57.31 ± 7.2 U vs 33.34 ± 4.7 U p<0.05), while PON-1 activity decreased 52% (0.09 ±0.1 nmol p-nitrophenol/mg prot vs 0.05 ± 0.01 nmol p-nitrophenol/mg prot p<0.01). MPO activity showed an inverse correlation with FEV, with a Spearman r of -0.57, while PON-1 activiy showed a direct correlation with FEF25-75, Spearman r of0.64. Conclusions: In this study we show, for the first time, that asthma patients, in whom there is a state of oxidative stress that affects the pulmonary function, PON-1 determination can be useful as a predictor of a better pulmonary function, whereas an increment in MPO activity could be associated to an acute inflammatory process, implicating cellular damage. * U = U/mg of protein'.

Keywords : MPO; PON-1; oxidative stress; asthma; respiratory function.

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