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Perinatología y reproducción humana

Print version ISSN 0187-5337


ESTRADA-JUAREZ, Higinio; FERNANDEZ-HERNANDEZ, Liliana; RIVERA-PEDROZA, Carlos  and  GRETHER-GONZALEZ, Patricia. MLPA (multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification) in perinatal rapid diagnosis of major aneuploidies. Perinatol. Reprod. Hum. [online]. 2012, vol.26, n.3, pp.172-179. ISSN 0187-5337.

Introduction: The MLPA (multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification) is a new method based on polimerase chain reaction (PCR) for relative quantification of normal and abnormal numbers of copies of desoxyribonucleic (DNA), up to 40 different genomic sequences. Its use is widespread in both, research and clinical diagnosis. MLPA recently began to be used in prenatal diagnosis and study of pregnancy losses. Objective: Present the first results obtained with MLPA in perinatal diagnosis of major aneuploidies of chromosomes 13, 18, 21, X and Y. Methods: Genomic DNA was obtained from different uncultivated tissues: abortion, chorionic villus, amniotic fluid, umbilical cord blood or peripheral blood in 13 cases with perinatal pathology. MLPA kit p290 for prenatal diagnosis was used and its products were quantified in ABI Prism 3130 sequencer. All cases were processed in parallel for karyotype. Results: MLPA results were obtained in 2 to 3 days in the 13 samples studied. Six of them showed aneuploidy. Karyotype was obtained between 15 and 21 days in 11 cases, five were aneuploidy and two failed. The results obtained with MLPA and karyotypes were concordant and in cases where the cell culture failed, the diagnosis was obtained by MLPA. Conclusions: MLPA is a rapid and useful method in the perinatal diagnosis of major aneuploidies, it also has the advantage of allowing the study of tissues with low cell viability, as in some cases of abortion and fetal death.

Keywords : Prenatal diagnosis; aneuploidy; karyotype; MLPA.

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