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Relaciones. Estudios de historia y sociedad

On-line version ISSN 2448-7554Print version ISSN 0185-3929


MARTINEZ DE LA ROSA, Alejandro; WRIGHT CARR, David Charles  and  JASSO MARTINEZ, Ivy Jacaranda. Chichimec warriors: vindicating the savage Indian in dances of the Conquest. Relac. Estud. hist. soc. [online]. 2016, vol.37, n.145, pp.251-278. ISSN 2448-7554.

On the basis of historical data gathered by Jesús Bustamante concerning the iconographic evolution of the American Indian in Europe, and fieldwork conducted in the state of Guanajuato among indigenous and mestizo groups that perform dances which include figures of Chichimec Indians, we traced the historical evolution of the representation of the Chichimec warrior. This essay traces the processes of the changes in dress, paraphernalia, and styles of confrontation through which the identification of the dancer with the stereotype of the "savage" Indian is realized. This detailed review provides elements for reflecting on the identitary role of the pre-Hispanic past and the stereotype that is renewed in dances that represent the Conquest.

Keywords : Indians; savages; Chichimecs; dances.

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