Print version ISSN 0185-3325
GONZALEZ-GONZALEZ, Alejandro et al. Depression and alcohol consumption and tobacco in high school and undergraduate. Salud Ment [online]. 2012, vol.35, n.1, pp. 51-55. ISSN 0185-3325.
Depression is an emotional upset that disrupts the psycho-affective sphere and is associated with different risk behaviors, as alcohol and tobacco use, among young people. The aim of this study is to analyze the differences on depression in four groups of high school and college students (1. alcohol users, 2. tobacco users, 3. alcohol and tobacco non-users, and 4. alcohol and tobacco users). A census was conducted with 116 214 students with a mean age of 15 and 19 years. Heavy alcohol and tobacco use was more frequent in men. A factorial ANOVA analysis was used to compare depressive symptoms between heavy drinkers (4 or more drinks per occasion) and heavy smokers (4 or more cigarettes per day) by sex and school level. More depressive symptoms were found in college students (M = 9.7) than in the high school ones (M = 9.5, p<0.05). The group of alcohol and tobacco users showed higher levels of depressive symptoms (M=11.3) than the alcohol only (M=10.5) and tobacco only users (M=10.7). Women showed more depressive symptoms (M=10.3) than men. Results point out the need for early detection and intervention, and for more monitoring strategies to develop actions for reducing alcohol and tobacco use in this population and, eventually, depressive outcomes.
Keywords : Depression; alcohol consumption; tobacco.