SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

vol.33 issue1The Legislatio in the Spanish Progymnasmata of 16th Century: from the School Exercise to the Literary TextJulian the Apostate: Study of the Letters Written between the Years 355 and 360 author indexsubject indexsearch form
Home Pagealphabetic serial listing  

Services on Demand




Related links

  • Have no similar articlesSimilars in SciELO


Acta poética

On-line version ISSN 2448-735XPrint version ISSN 0185-3082


NADAL PALAZON, Juan. Formal Features of Headlines: Notes on Ten Spanish Speaking Newspapers. Acta poét [online]. 2012, vol.33, n.1, pp.173-195. ISSN 2448-735X.

As a reaction to the few existing descriptions of headlines, descriptions which in some respects often fail the empirical proof of comparing them to the observable newspapers reality, it is proposed an updated set of the most distinctive formal features of headlines, according to their distribution within a large corpus of current newspapers in Spanish. The set is summarized in four constant and four variable features. The constant features -relatively homogeneous throughout the corpus (although some of its variants have certain conditions)- are: expressive bimembration, ellipsis, nominal structures and historical present. On the other hand, the variable traits -which show a not so regular distribution- are: impersonal third person, verb in starting position, quoting conditional and anthroponyms abbreviated by initializations. The analysis is based on a corpus of 3 689 recent headlines published in Spanish in the printed editions of the following newspapers: El País, from Madrid (Spain); La Opinión, from Los Angeles (United States); El Universal, from Mexico City (Mexico); La Nación, from San Jose (Costa Rica); Hoy, from Santo Domingo (Dominican Republic); El Tiempo, from Bogota (Colombia); El Nacional, from Caracas (Venezuela); El Comercio, from Lima (Peru); El Mercurio, from Santiago (Chile), and Clarín, from Buenos Aires (Argentina). Where appropriate, the diatopic factor is considered, and the inaccuracy of some frequent approaches is also demonstrated.

Keywords : headlines; Spanish; bimembration; ellipsis; impersonal third person.

        · abstract in Spanish     · text in Spanish     · Spanish ( pdf )


Creative Commons License All the contents of this journal, except where otherwise noted, is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License