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Nova tellus

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HIM-FABREGA, Rodrigo. Considerations on the Orthotonic Value of the Ancient Greek Modal Particle ἄν. Nova tellus [online]. 2019, vol.37, n.1, pp.179-207. ISSN 0185-3058.

Abstract: The aim of this article is the characterization of the ancient Greek postpositive particles and enclitic expressions in terms of a rule based derivational model of prosodic phonology. The study compares Goldstein’s (2016a) generalized enclisis approach (GE) with the generalized postpositive approach (GP) adopted, among others, by Dover (1960). Both views involve an interpretation of the second-position (or Wackernagel’s position) phenomenon, as well as a taxonomy of second-position expressions in ancient Greek. As a central topic, the analysis considers the behavior of the modal particle ἄν. Concerning such issue, the work shows some inaccuracies implied by the GE idea that ἄν is enclitic, and argues that such flaws are absent from the GP taxonomy. The central contribution of the study lies in its specification of the prosodic value of the particle ἄν in relationship with phonological processes which are activated at the domain of the chain of discourse, employing an explicit theoretical model based on the concepts of derivation and ordered rule. As a conclusion, the analysis shows that the notions of enclisis and postposition are not coextensive with each other. Properly, it is shown that ἄν belongs with the group of the orthotonic (plain) words.

Keywords : Ancient Greek; Enclitic; Postpositive; Particle ἄν; Second-position.

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