Print version ISSN 0185-2698
BASTIANI GOMEZ, José et al. Indigenous educational policies: Teaching practices and learning of Spanish language, bureaucracy and centralization of education as some of the shortcomings in the Ch'ol region (Chiapas, Mexico). Perfiles educativos [online]. 2012, vol.34, n.135, pp. 8-25. ISSN 0185-2698.
This article describes the development of the following educational models in Mexico: teaching and learning of Spanish, bilingual and bicultural education and bilingual intercultural education. Trough this ethnographical method the authors gathered information about the way in which the indigenous school teachers of the Ch'ol region understand those models and they reconnoitered the teaching practices. The educational models that have been put into practice in the Ch'ol region seem to be conceptually adequate, at least partly, but the teaching practice is carried out with very few commitment to the pedagogical planning of those models. The lack of consistency uses to be explained by the teachers' ignorance of the models, to the excessive bureaucracy, to union disputes, to the poor teacher training or updating and to the absence of a specifc methodology in order to teach the ch'ol language. These are probably the main reasons that explain the educational backwardness of the region.
Keywords : Educational Policies; Educational Models; Teacher Training; Teaching Practices.