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Anales del Instituto de Investigaciones Estéticas

Print version ISSN 0185-1276


GUTIERREZ VINUALES, Rodrigo. Roberto Montenegro y los artistas americanos en Mallorca (1914-1919). An. Inst. Investig. Estét [online]. 2003, vol.25, n.82, pp.93-121. ISSN 0185-1276.

The aim of this study is to increase our knowledge of one of the most curious moments in the development of Latin American art at the dawn of the twentieth century. The article takes as a central reference the career of Roberto Montenegro, bringing new evidence to bear on his work, and sets out to illustrate the ambience in which the artist moved during his years in Europe óin particular the period of his residence on the island of Majorcaó describing the influences and relations which affected him there. It also addresses the work of other artists from the Americas who, like Montenegro, studied under the Catalan Hermen Anglada Camarasa in Paris and moved, shortly before the outbreak of the 1914 war, to the Balearic islands. The Majorcan landscape, and other aspects of local color, became sources of inspiration for them, of particular salience being costumbrista portraits of women; these were to be subjects of representation, not only in paintings but also in illustrations executed for books and magazines óparticularly by Montenegro and the Argentinian Gregorio López Naguil. Another aspect examined in this article is the "Americanist" spirit cultivated by these artists, even while for away from their respective nations, and which after returning home, was to become firmly rooted as one of their ideological and artistic characteristics.

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