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Acta zoológica mexicana

On-line version ISSN 2448-8445Print version ISSN 0065-1737


PALACIOS-MENDOZA, Celina; NIETO-HERNANDEZ, Ramón; LLANDERAL-CAZARES, Celina  and  GONZALEZ-HERNANDEZ, Héctor. Efectividad biológica de productos biodegradables para el control de la cochinilla silvestre Dactylopius opuntiae (Cockerell) (Homoptera: Dactylopiidae). Acta Zool. Mex [online]. 2004, vol.20, n.3, pp.99-106. ISSN 2448-8445.

Two classes of biodegradable products were evaluated against nymphs I, nymphs II, and mature females of the wild cochineal Dactylopius opuntiae (Cockerell) under laboratory conditions: a domestic detergent (Roma®) and a new unclassified product (Peak Plus, in registration). Each was sprayed on directly infested prickly pear cladodes. Concentrations tested for both products were 0.5, 1.0, 1.5, 2.0, 2.5, 3.0 and 6.0%. Replicated applications of the same concentrations, also were evaluated from 0.5 to 3.0% over the same development stages. Higher susceptibility of nymphs I was observed, showing mortality of nearly 50% with 6% Roma®, while nymphs II and mature females were more susceptible to Peak Plus, achieving approximately 50% control with concentrations of 1.5 and 3.0%, respectively. In repeated applications, the highest mortality was observed in mature females for both products.

Keywords : Detergent; wild cochineal; prickly pear; mortality.

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