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Salud Pública de México

Print version ISSN 0036-3634


HERNANDEZ-GARDUNO, Eduardo; GOMEZ-GARCIA, Eva  and  CAMPOS-GOMEZ, Saúl. Prevalence trends of wood use as the main cooking fuel in Mexico, 1990-2013. Salud pública Méx [online]. 2017, vol.59, n.1, pp.68-75. ISSN 0036-3634.


To determine prevalence trends of using Wood as the Main Cooking Fuel (WMCF) in Mexico and household characteristics that predict its use.

Materials and methods:

Estimates were obtained from the 1990, 2000 and 2010 censuses and from a national survey performed in 2012 and 2013.


In 2012-2013, 9.5% of the 66 321 surveyed households and 10.9% of their 252 011 residents used WMCF. Prevalence was higher in rural (40.5%) than urban areas (1.5%), p<0.0001. From 1990 to 2013 wood use decreased by 53% overall and by 28.6% in rural areas, gas use increased respectively by 17.5 and 52.7%. Predictors of using WMCF were living in rural or suburban areas and those associated with low socioeconomic status.


Use of WMCF has decreased substantially in Mexico but at a slower pace in rural areas. Improving household characteristics and socioeconomic status may decrease use of WMCF at a higher rate.

Keywords : prevalence; trends; wood; cooking; Mexico.

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