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Salud Pública de México

Print version ISSN 0036-3634


RIVERA-RIVERA, Leonor et al. Individual and family factors associated with depressive symptomatology in adolescents from public schools of Mexico. Salud pública Méx [online]. 2015, vol.57, n.3, pp.219-226. ISSN 0036-3634.

Objective. To estimate the prevalence of depressive symptoms (DS) and to explore associated individual and family factors in high-school students from public schools of México. Materials and methods. Cross-sectional study of a representative sample of 9 982 students aged between 14 and 19 years. Logistic regression models were used to estimate odds ratio (OR) with 95% confidence interval (CI95%). Results. 27% of students presented DS, with higher proportion among women (34%) than among men (18%). Factors associated with DS were being female (OR=2.25 CI95% 1.86-2.71); low self-esteem (OR=2.77 CI95% 2.41 -3.19); consuming alcohol (OR= 1.72 CI95% 1.46-2.02), consuming tobacco (OR= 1.57 CI95% 1.31-1.88), consuming illegal drugs (OR=1.63 CI95% 1.29-2.05), domestic violence (OR=2.05 CI95% 1.77-2.39), and low communication between parents and their children (OR=1.78 CI95% 1.59-2.00). Conclusions. Depressive symptomatology among high-school students in México is a public health issue.There is a need for intervention programs aimed at tackling the associated risk factors.

Keywords : depression; adolescent psychology; adolescent behavior; students; Mexico.

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